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新SAT閱讀的18種題型彙總

2018-08-27來源: 互聯網浏覽量:
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   SAT閱讀是很多同學提分的難點,今天就爲大家分析一下閱讀題型,幫助大家順利備考,拿到高分。新SAT的OG將其閱讀題型分成三大塊:對文本信息的考察;對作者寫作技能的考察;以及綜合考察。今天就從這幾個角度,爲大家做一個新SAT閱讀的題型盤點。

  一、Information and Ideas: The Author's Message (對文本信息的考察)

  包括以下題型:

  1、文本細節的考查

  直接信息題(Explicit Meaning),該類題型能夠直接從文本中找到信息,題目中通常出現如下字眼“According to the passage," "states," "indicates,"等。如:The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it…?

  隱含信息題 (Implicit Meaning),該類題型需要理解文本的隱含意思,題目中通常出現如下字眼 “based on the passage,” "it can reasonably be inferred," "implies," 等。如: Based on the passage, the author's statement "…" implies that…?3)類比題(Analogy),考察對文本內容特征的把握及應用,如“Which of the following situations is most analogous to the relationship mentioned in line 5 to 10?

  2、文本論據的考查

  循證題(Citing Textual Evidence),要求爲上一題的答案尋找論據或者爲某個結論提供論據。

  如: Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question? (尋找上一題答案論據),或者 In lines 46-50("Prosecutions…sens"), what is the most likely reason Jordan draws a distinction between two types of "parties"? (爲某個結論提供論據)

  循證題是對文本論據的考察,在每個篇章中會出現兩題,共10題。

  3、文本傳達信息的考查

  中心思想/主旨題 (Central Idea/ Theme),是對整篇文章的主旨或段落中心思想的考察。如: The central claim of the passage is that…? (對整篇文章主旨的考察),或者 The central idea of the fourth paragraph (line 35-57) is that…? (對段落中心思想的考察);

  小結題(Summary),對整篇文章或段落的小結,如:Which choice best summarizes the passage?

  關系題(Relationship),考察人物,事件,觀點之間的因果,對比,遞進等關系,如:Which choice best describes the relationship between neurons and celebrities?

  單詞/詞組釋義題 (Interpreting Words and Phrases in Context),顧名思義,即是對單詞、詞組意思的考察。如:As used in line 10, "intense" most nearly means…?

  二、Rhetoric: The Author's Craft (對作者寫作技能的考察)

  包括以下題型:

  1.單詞/詞組/句子功能題(Analyzing Word Choice), 包括使用目的,作用和效果。如:Woolf uses the word "we" throughout the passage mainly to…?

  2.文本結構題(Analyzing Text Structure),對文本總體結構的考察或對部分內容與整篇文章的關系的考察。如:Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the … to…?

  3.觀點態度題(Analyzing Point of View),對作者或人物觀點,態度和立場的考察。題目中通常包括"perspective", "point of view"等字眼。如:The stance Jordan takes in the passage is best described as that of…?

  4.目的題 (Analyzing Purpose),對整篇文章或部分段落目的的考察。題目中通常包括“purpose”,“function”等字眼。選項中也通常出現“criticize”, “support”, “present”, “introduce”等字眼。如:The main purpose of the passage is to…?

  5.論證題 (Analyzing Arguments),對作者在論證過程中的論點,反論點,論證方式和論據的考察。題目中通常出現 “claim”, “counterclaim”, “reason”, “evidence”等字眼。如:A student claims that nitrogenous bases pair randomly with one another. Which of the following statements in the passage contradicts the student's claim?

  三、Synthesis (綜合題),該類指的是涉及到雙篇文章的題目或文章與圖表綜合考察的題目。

  1.雙篇題(Analyzing Multiple Questions)通常分爲取同,取異,互聯題。

  取同題 ,對兩篇文章的相同點的考察。如:The crows in Passage 1 and the ravens in Passage 2 shared which trait?

  取異題,對兩篇文章的不同點的考察。如:One difference between the experiments described in the two passages is that unlike the researchers discussed in Passage 1, the author of Passage 2…?

  互聯題,對兩篇文章的相關性的考察。如:Is the main conclusion presented by the author of Passage 2 consistent with Morgan's canon, as described in Passage 1?

  以上三種題型皆涉及到對雙篇文章的分析。

  2.圖表題 (Analyzing Quantitative Information)

  包括對圖表信息的直接或間接的考察,以及對圖表信息和文本內容的綜合考察。如:Which claim about traffic congestion is supported by the graph?或者:It can reasonably be inferred from the passage and the graphic that…?

  綜上所述,從詞彙層面看,詞彙題考察的是詞彙的意思和功能;從段落層面看,考察的題目包括觀點態度題、目的題、小結題、中心思想題、論證題、細節類題型等等;從篇章層面看,同樣包括細節題、態度、目的、小結、中心思想題、論證題還包括關系題、循證題、文本結構題等。由此可見,新SAT尤其側重對篇章的考察。



本文關鍵字:SAT閱讀,SAT閱讀題型
編輯: Edward
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