Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below. (2011.1)
People generally put more trust in what they have learned for themselves than in what they learn from others. Few people, however, are really motivated to learn anything on their own. They are much more apt to learn when others are willing to teach them. Even though learning from others means occasionally learning things that are not useful or important, people are still better off when they learn from others.
Assignment: Is it better for people to learn from others than to learn on their own? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
2. 審題關鍵詞：others, own, learn
正：People have more motivation and more fun to learn when they learn from other people.
反：People can think while learning if they learn by themselves.
補：We have to fight against our laziness to become better learners.
Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below. (2011.5)
People today seem to spend most of their free time being passively entertained: they just sit on the couch and watch movies or television or sporting events. This is mainly because they use up all their energy at work or at school. If they had more time and energy to devote to activities outside of work or school, you can be sure they would enjoy more creative and active pursuits during their free time.
Assignment: If people worked less, would they be more creative and active during their free time? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
2. 審題關鍵詞：work less, creative, active
正：It is because people are too tired to do what they enjoy that they turn to passive entertainment.
反：People are inclined to be lazy during the free time, even they have more time every day.
補：It is important to have the self discipline to fight against laziness.
Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below. (2011.10)
We are often encouraged to stop worrying about making mistakes and advised not to dwell on those we have already made. But without analyzing mistakes—decisions and actions that made a project fail, for instance—how can anyone be successful? Besides, there are some well-known mistakes others have made that seem worth studying carefully. Perhaps these mistakes could have been prevented if those responsible had been more concerned about making mistakes in the first place.
Assignment: Do people have to pay attention to mistakes in order to make progress? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
2. 審題關鍵詞：mistakes, progress
正：Less mistakes can save us much time and energy for the best.
反：There is no way to avoid making mistakes. Thus, if we pay too much attention to mistakes, it is impossible to take actions.
補：We should not be afraid of making mistakes.