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2016年11月5日新SAT寫作部分真題回憶

2016-11-08來源: 互聯網浏覽量:
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  2016年11月5日新SAT考試已經落下帷幕,本次寫作考題選自The Wrong Way to Protect Elephants,作者GODFREY HARRIS and DANIEL STILES,全文共13段,作者論點是不應該通過禁止象牙進出口和交易來保護大象。下面小編爲大家詳細整理了2016年11月新SAT寫作真題回憶,希望能夠對大家的SAT寫作備考有所幫助。

2016年11月5日新SAT寫作部分真題回憶

  一、試題原文(精確版)

  The Wrong Way to Protect Elephants

  By GODFREY HARRIS and DANIEL STILES

  P1 THE year was 1862. Abraham Lincoln was in the White House. “Taps” was first sounded as a lights-out bugle call. And Steinway & Sons was building its first upright pianos in New York.

  P2 The keys on those pianos were all fashioned from the ivory of African elephants. And that is why one of these uprights, the oldest one known to survive, in fact, is stuck in Japan.

  P3 The director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service recently issued an order prohibiting the commercial importation of all African elephant ivory into the United States. (Commercial imports had been allowed in some instances, including for certain antiques.)

  P4 The Obama administration is also planning to implement additional rules that will prohibit, with narrow exceptions, both the export of African elephant ivory and its unfettered trade within the United States.

  P5 The Fish and Wildlife Service has said that these new rules will help stop the slaughter of elephants. But we believe that unless demand for ivory in Asia is reduced — through aggressive education programs there, tougher enforcement against the illegal ivory trade and the creation of a legal raw ivory market — these new American regulations will merely cause the price to balloon and the black market to flourish, pushing up the profit potential of continued poaching.

  P6 In short, these new rules proposed by the Fish and Wildlife Service may well end up doing more harm than good to the African elephant.

  P7 What these regulations will also do is make the import, export and interstate sale of almost any object with African elephant ivory virtually impossible. Anyone who owns any antique African elephant ivory — whether it is an Edwardian bracelet inherited from a grandmother or an ivory-handled Georgian silver tea set owned by an antiques dealer — will be unable to ship or sell it without unimpeachable documentation that proves it is at least 100 years old, has not been repaired or modified with elephant ivory since 1973, and that it arrived in the United States through one of 13 ports of entry.

  P8 The story of the Steinway underscores the complexity, rigidity and absurdity of these rules. The piano was salvaged years ago by Ben Treuhaft, a professional piano technician. When his wife took an academic job in Japan, he shipped the piano along with their other household possessions to Tokyo. They moved to Scotland after the Fukushima nuclear accident three years ago, leaving the piano in storage in Japan to be shipped later. Now Mr. Treuhaft is ready to return the piano to the United States and place it in the hands of a friend who planned to display it at her piano shop.

  P9 But the piano remains in Japan. It lacks the paperwork necessary to clear customs in the United States because Mr. Treuhaft failed, when he shipped the piano abroad, to obtain the required export permit identifying the ivory keys and the piano’s provenance. In the past, the government might have exercised some discretion over Mr. Treuhaft’s oversight. But no more. Moreover, to meet the personal-use exception for an import, the piano would have to be shipped back as part of a household move, and he wants to send it to a friend.

  P10 So the piano that Steinway says is its oldest known upright is stuck in Japan.

  P11 Of course, Mr. Treuhaft is not the only one who is or will be hurt or inconvenienced by this draconian order from the Fish and Wildlife Service, or the new rules that the administration seeks to impose. Musicians already complain of a burdensome process and monthslong delays in securing permits to take their instruments containing ivory abroad. And collectors, gun owners and antiques dealers say they have been blindsided by the proposed rules, which will effectively render their African elephant ivory pieces worthless unless they can meet the extremely difficult standards necessary to sell them.

  P12 We suggest a different approach. We should encourage China, where much of the poached ivory ends up, to start a detailed public education campaign that underscores the damage done to elephant populations by the illegal trade in ivory. We also need more aggressive enforcement of anti-poaching efforts in Africa. And we should figure out a way to manage the trade in raw ivory to protect elephants. For instance, several years ago, ivory stockpiles owned by several African countries were sold in a series of United Nations-approved auctions in an effort to undercut illegal ivory trafficking. The proceeds went to elephant conservation efforts. This is a better approach than destroying these stockpiles, as the United States did last fall to six tons of ivory.

  P13 Leaving Mr. Treuhaft’s piano in Japan will not save African elephants. But it will further endanger them and diminish the lives of those who recognize and value the role of ivory in history and culture.

  二、文章分析

  P1-2:開篇兩段引入了一個之後貫穿文章始終的小故事,一架1862年的施坦威立式鋼琴,由于琴鍵用非洲象牙制作,懷璧其罪,目前滯留在日本,無法入境美國。

  P3:解釋了上一段鋼琴無法進入美國的原因:美國魚類及野生動植物管理局(USFWS)最近禁止了一切非洲象牙進口美國。

  P4:奧巴馬政府准備更進一步,禁止美國國內非洲象牙出口和不受管制的交易。文章引入部分到此結束,之後進入論證部分。

  P5:USFWS說這些規定旨在阻止大象遭到屠殺。作者反對,說重點應該是遏制亞洲對象牙的需求,否則這些規定只會導致黑市繁榮價格上漲。

  P6:總結上一段:這些規定只會讓非洲象的處境更爲艱難。

  P7:這些規定的另一個壞處:嚴重影響幾乎任何象牙制品的進出口和洲際交易。

  P8:詳述文章開頭那架鋼琴的故事,側重其曆史淵源,如何從美國漂洋過海到了日本,主人Mr. Treuhaft後來去了蘇格蘭,現在又打算將其運回美國。

  P9:繼續鋼琴的故事,側重現狀,滯留日本,說明象牙禁令造成的種種不便。

  P10:鋼琴的故事結束。以上三段通過詳述文章開頭那架鋼琴的故事,證明之前規定的繁缛、僵化和荒謬(complexity, rigidity and absurdity)。

  P11:在前幾段Mr. Treuhaft的個案外推到受禁令影響的群體,如音樂家、收藏家、槍支擁有者和古董商,用更多事實性證據來加強前段的論點,說明象牙禁令的缺點。

  P12:在連續多段對象牙禁令持續批判之後,作者給出了更好的解決方案:鼓勵中國啓動公共教育項目,在非洲強力執行反偷獵,以及管控未加工象牙的交易。

  P13:再次呼應文章開頭的鋼琴,重申象牙禁令的不合理。

  三、寫作思路(僅供參考)

  P1-2:可以看作一個background story,其作用是引起讀者好奇,爲什麽那架鋼琴會stuck in Japan?

  P5:word choice,balloon和flourish兩個詞可以突出象牙禁令所起到的反效果有多麽嚴重。

  P6:appeal to emotion,通過end up doing more harm than good to the African elephant喚起人們對于大象的同情和保護欲。

  P7:evidence,通過100 years old,has not been repaired or modified with elephant ivory since 1973和through one of 13 ports of entry來說明象牙禁令的另一個壞處:嚴重影響幾乎任何象牙制品的進出口和洲際交易。

  P8-10:example,通過鋼琴的故事和Mr. Treuhaft的遭遇,證明象牙禁令的繁缛、僵化和荒謬(complexity, rigidity and absurdity)。

  P11:word choice,這一段最有特色的一個詞就是draconian,這個詞來自于Draco(ancient Greek judge who had criminals killed for very small crimes),作形容詞意爲very strict and cruel,在文中突出象牙禁令造成的不便。

  以上就是小編爲大家整理的2016年11月新SAT寫作真題回憶,總體來說本次的作文考試較爲簡單,難度和5月北美持平,整體難度低于10月新SAT考試和北美真題,希望本次的真題回憶能夠對大家的新SAT寫作備考有所幫助。



本文關鍵字:SAT寫作,SAT寫作真題回憶,SAT寫作備考
編輯: alex
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